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Install Ganglia

Ganglia ( is a monitoring application.

Gmond Configuration on the Ganglia wiki

1.  Build and install

On SourceForge there are RPMs for Ganglia 3.1.1, but they are only for i386, and some needed libraries are only available as x86_64 RPMs; so we rebuild Ganglia 3.1.2

These were helpful for this install:

1.1  prepare Apache Portable Runtime 1.2.8

Ganglia needs a newer APR than available on SL4

[root@gridvm ganglia]# pwd
[root@gridvm ganglia]# wget
[root@gridvm ganglia]# rpmbuild --rebuild apr-1.2.8-1.src.rpm 
[root@gridvm ganglia]# rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/x86_64/apr-1.2.8-1.x86_64.rpm /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/x86_64/apr-devel-1.2.8-1.x86_64.rpm

1.2  prepare RRD

RPMs for RRD only seem to be available as x86_64

[root@gridvm ganglia]# yum install --enablerepo dag rrdtool rrdtool-devel

1.3  prepare libConfuse

[root@gridvm ganglia]# wget
[root@gridvm ganglia]# yum install xmlto
 xmlto.x86_64 0:0.0.18-4
Dependency Installed: 
 docbook-style-xsl.noarch 0:1.65.1-2 
 netpbm-progs.x86_64 0:10.25-2.1.el4_7.4 
 passivetex.noarch 0:1.25-3 
 tetex.x86_64 0:2.0.2-22.0.1.EL4.10  
 tetex-dvips.x86_64 0:2.0.2-22.0.1.EL4.10 
 tetex-fonts.x86_64 0:2.0.2-22.0.1.EL4.10 
 tetex-latex.x86_64 0:2.0.2-22.0.1.EL4.10 
 xmltex.noarch 0:20020625-3
[root@gridvm ganglia]#  rpmbuild -ta confuse-2.6.tar.gz 

The spec file from the distribution does not work. Better start from the Fedora SRPM, which needs only to comment out BuildRequires from the spec file:

[root@gridvm ganglia]# wget
[root@gridvm ganglia]# rpm --nomd5 -ivh libconfuse-2.6-2.fc11.src.rpm
[root@gridvm ganglia]# grep BuildRequires /usr/src/redhat/SPECS/libconfuse.spec
#BuildRequires:  check-devel, pkgconfig
[root@gridvm ganglia]# rpmbuild -ba /usr/src/redhat/SPECS/libconfuse.spec 
[root@gridvm ganglia]# rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/x86_64/libconfuse-devel-2.6-2.x86_64.rpm \

now we can uninstall all the unnecessary stuff used for building:

[root@gridvm ganglia]# yum remove xmlto tetex netpbm-progs docbook-style-xsl tetex-dvips  tetex-fonts

1.4  prepare libart

[root@gridvm ganglia]# yum install libart_lgpl-devel

1.5  build Ganglia RPMs

[root@gridvm ganglia]# wget
[root@gridvm ganglia]# rpmbuild -ta ganglia-3.1.2.tar.gz 
[root@gridvm x86_64]# yum localinstall ganglia-gmond-3.1.2-1.x86_64.rpm \
 libganglia-3_1_0-3.1.2-1.x86_64.rpm ganglia-gmetad-3.1.2-1.x86_64.rpm 
[root@gridvm ganglia]# yum localinstall ganglia-web-3.1.1-1.noarch.rpm    

2.  Configure on gridvm

We configure one Ganglia Grid, "UJRC", with two Clusters, "UJRC Head" and "UJRC WNs". They both are collected by the gmetad on gridvm.


data_source "UJRC head" localhost
data_source "UJRC WNs"  wn001 wn004 wn007
gridname "UJRC"

It's important to avoid the gmond on gridvm from talking with the gmond on the WNs -if this happens, the clusters add together in unfunny ways, and the grid ends up having twice the real number of CPUs. To keep them separate, use different two multicast IPs, and bind the IP to the interface outside of the cluster.


cluster {
  name = "UJRC head"
  owner = "University of Johannesburg"
  latlong = "S26.18 E27.99"
  url = ""
udp_send_channel {
  mcast_join =
  port = 8649
  ttl = 1
udp_recv_channel {
  mcast_join =
  port = 8649
  bind =
[root@gridvm sysconfig]# /sbin/route add -host dev eth0
[root@gridvm sysconfig]# service gmond restart

Permanent setting: /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-eth0 dev eth0

Open the firewall on gridvm for ganglia

iptables -I DMZ 5 -p udp --dport 8649 -j ACCEPT
[root@gridvm ganglia]# chkconfig --add gmond
[root@gridvm ganglia]# service gmond restart
Shutting down GANGLIA gmond:                               [FAILED]
Starting GANGLIA gmond:                                    [  OK  ]
[root@gridvm ganglia]# chkconfig --add gmetad
[root@gridvm ganglia]# service gmetad restart
Shutting down GANGLIA gmetad:                              [FAILED]
Starting GANGLIA gmetad:                                   [  OK  ]
[root@gridvm ganglia]# service httpd restart

3.  Install and configure on WNs

[ADM@gridvm WN]$ ./WNsh yum -y localinstall \
/nfs/data/PKG/libganglia-3_1_0-3.1.2-1.x86_64.rpm \
/nfs/data/PKG/ganglia-gmond-3.1.2-1.x86_64.rpm \
/nfs/data/PKG/libconfuse-2.6-2.x86_64.rpm \

Configure the /etc/ganglia/gmond.conf

[ADM@gridvm WN]$ mkdir etc/ganglia
[ADM@gridvm WN]$ cp /etc/ganglia/gmond.conf etc/ganglia


cluster {
  name = "UJRC WNs"
  owner = "University of Johannesburg"
  latlong = "S26.18 E27.99"
  url = ""
udp_send_channel {
  mcast_join =
  port = 8649
  ttl = 1
udp_recv_channel {
  mcast_join =
  port = 8649
  bind =

Copy the gmond.conf to all the WNs, and start gmond:

[ADM@gridvm WN]$ ./configsync 
[ADM@gridvm WN]$ ./WNsh chkconfig gmond on
[ADM@gridvm WN]$ ./WNsh service gmond start

4.  Be patient

Ganglia takes a bit of time to collect data. Be patient, if there is no cluster, or if your nodes do not appear, wait a bit. Don't try to debug a non-problem.

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Page last modified on April 27, 2009, at 10:55 PM